When engaging in global trade, you are almost always going to have to have some sort of interaction with the CBP. The United States Customs and Border Protection was established in 2003 as a subset of the US Department of Homeland Security. It is the largest agency of law enforcement in the country and is responsible for standardizing and regulating policies for international trade, collecting duties for import, and enforcing trade, customs and immigration regulations.
In regards to the enforcement of international trade laws and regulations, the CBP has the power to examine all imports and exports and seize anything they believe is in violation of their policies. These include materials or substances that are found to be stolen, smuggled, controlled or contraband.
CBP can also seize goods if:
There are three types of civil penalties that fall under Section 592 of the Tariff Act of 1930. Penalties may be applied to a person who uses fraudulent or false documents, statements, practices or omissions when importing, trying to import or aiding in importation.
The three types of penalties are:
Avoiding CBP enforcement and penalties is not a simple task, as the rules for import and export are complex and constantly changing. If you have any questions or need help with import or export compliance, please feel free to contact us.